Genital herpes, an STD that causes ulcers and blisters in the genitals or genital area, is caused by HSV, which results in cold sores around the oral area as well. Most cases of genital herpes are caused by HSV-2, while cold sores are mostly caused by HSV-1. But, either type of virus can cause infection in the genital or oral area. Genital herpes infection is transmitted via sexual contact with anybody who is infected with HSV. The virus is usually transmitted via the sores. Also, it can be passed on to others even when sores aren’t present, but frequently just before the sores develop.
Some individuals, even when primarily infected with HSV-2, don’t present any symptoms. For most individuals, symptoms take place within ten days of having sexual contact with an infected individual.
Symptoms can persist up to a few weeks. Even after the sores heal, infected individuals carry the virus permanently, with fresh sores occasionally appearing, frequently, and at times, never. It is common to have several outbreaks annually, though the number of outbreaks tends to diminish over time.
Herpes does not have a cure. Once you contract the virus, it lies in your body permanently. Your doctor can recommend antiviral drugs which can diminish the pain and length of herpes outbreaks. Moreover, antiviral medication could be used on a day-to-day basis to inhibit recurrences.
For pregnant women with genital herpes, one particular concern is that the infection can be transmitted to a neonate during delivery if the mother presents with active sores at that time. It’s vital that women avoid getting herpes during pregnancy, as a primary episode of herpes during pregnancy generates a greater transmission risk to the baby.
Genital herpes can potentially cause serious infections in newborns if the mother is actively shedding the virus at the time of delivery. A C-section delivery is frequently recommended for the active period. Luckily, the herpes infection of a baby is uncommon among pregnant women infected with genital herpes.
Protection from Herpes entails abstaining from any sexual activity when symptoms are occurring and performing safe sex practices between outbreaks. Safe sex requires prior communication and planning between partners. Below are recommendations that can help:
Talk to your partner. You must talk about STD status before having sex.
Use protection each time you perform sex, including anal or oral sex, until you are sure your partner isn’t infected with an STD.
A condom can protect against STDs. Polyurethane and latex condoms aid to protect against sexually transmitted diseases by creating a barrier that inhibits fluids from moving to the other individual. Condoms must be used from the start to the finish of any intercourse, and a fresh one must be used each time you perform sex.